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Lower Pole Stone Treatment

treatment options and outcomes for lower pole stone ,the various treatment modalities to treatment lower pole stones (lps) vary from shock wave lithotripsy (swl) through to ureteroscopy (urs) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (pcnl), thereby increasing in their invasiveness..extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy vs. percutaneous ,eswl was recommended as the first-line treatment for small and intermediate-sized stones in the lower pole, while it is the standard treatment for large stones..intrarenal surgery vs percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the ,rirs should be an effective treatment alternative to pnl in lower pole stones kidney stones greater than 2 cm have long been treated with percutaneous .management of 1-2 cm renal stones,the preferred treatment of 1cm stone is shockwave lithotripsy (swl), while that for non lower polar renal stones of 1-2 cm, swl is preferred approach, while of the reported poor clearance and difficult access for stones in the lower pole..

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